Why biotech patents are patently absurd

A Scientific briefing on TRIPS and related issues

Contents

Chapter 1  Introduction
Glossary of terms

Chapter 2  Range of 'patents on life'
Patents based on plagiarism and biopiracy
Patents based on discoveries
Patents on transgenic processes and organisms
Patents on nuclear-transplant cloning and other in vitro reproductive techniques and organisms resulting from those techniques
Patents on cell stem isolation and culture techniques and the stem cells and cell lines
Patents on GM constructs and vectors

Chapter 3  Analysis of articles related to patents in TRIPS and EU directive 98/44/EC
Article 27.3b of TRIPS
Article 4 and 5 of the EU directive
Analysis

Chapter 4  General critique on the patentability of genes or nucleic acid (DNA or RNA) sequence

Chapter 5  Conclusions

Endnotes

General references and reports

Authors

by Mae-Wan Ho
June 2001
Mae-Wan Ho, a Senior Research Fellow at UK's Open University, specializes in human biochemical genetics. She is also co-founder and director of the Institute of Science in Society, a non-profit organization which promotes criti¬cal public understanding of issues in science and tech¬nology, especially with regard to social accountability, ethical implications and sustainability. Since 1994 she has been scientific advisor to the Third World Network. Dr Ho is well-known in the debate on genetic engineering, biotechnology and biosafety, and has raised the issue at the UN, the World Bank and in the European Parliament; in her prolific writings (over 250 works); in her lectures and contributions to radio, TV, and in the written media around the world.

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